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浙江中青留學 中青留學 語言考試 GMAT 查看內容

GMAT語法SC主要考點介紹

2020-7-22 09:47發布者: 中青留學 瀏覽次數: 619

  一致性問題作為GMAT語法SC的主要考點,還是值得考生投入一些時間精力認真備考的。

  所謂語法上一致就是謂語動詞和主語在單、復數形式上保持一致。

  在GMAT語法中有關一致性的具體考點主要有以下8種:

  1. 主謂語單復數一致性

  以單數名詞或代詞、動詞不定式短語、動名詞短語或從句作主語時,謂語動詞一般用單數形式;主語為復數時,謂語動詞用復數形式。

  如:His father is working on the farm. / To study English well is not easy. / What he said is very important for us all. / The children were in the classroom two hours ago. / Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes.

  注意:由what引導的主語從句,后面的謂語動詞多數情況用單數形式,但若表語是復數或what從句是一個帶有復數意義的并列結構時,主句的謂語動詞用復數形式。如:What I bought were three English books. / What I say and do is (are) helpful to you.

  2. 合成主語必須用復數形式

  由連接詞andboth …… and連接起來的合成主語后面,要用復數形式的謂語動詞。

  如:Lucy and Lily are twins. / She and I are classmates. / The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. / Both she and he are Young Pioneers.

  注意:(1)and所連接的兩個詞是指同一個人或物時,它后面的謂語動詞就應用單數形式。如:The writer and artist has come. (2)and連接的并列單數主語前如果分別有noeachevery more than a (an) many a (an)修飾時,其謂語動詞要用單數形式。如:Every student and every teacher was in the room. / No boy and no girl likes it.

  3. 名詞或代詞短語不影響單復數形式

  主語為單數名詞或代詞,盡管后面跟有withtogether withexceptbutlikeas well asrather thanmore thanno less thanbesidesincluding等引起的短語,謂語動詞仍用單數形式;若主語為復數,謂語用復數形式。

  如:Mr. Greentogether with his wife and childrenhas come to China. / Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the playground. / Shelike you and Tomis very tall.

  4. 復合不定代詞如何判斷單復數?

  eitherneithereachevery no +單數名詞和由someanynoevery構成的復合不定代詞,都作單數看待。

  如:Each of us has a new book. / Everything around us is matter.

  注意:(1)在口語中當eitherneither后跟有“of+復數名詞(或代詞)”作主語時,其謂語動詞也可用復數。如:Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. (2)none of后面的名詞是不可數名詞,它的謂語動詞就要用單數;若它后面的名詞是復數,它的謂語動詞用單數或復數都可以。如:None of us has (have) been to America.

  5. 關系代詞做主語時的單復數問題

  在定語從句時,關系代詞thatwhowhich等作主語時,其謂語動詞的數應與句中先行詞的數一致。

  如:He is one of my friends who are working hard. / He is the only one of my friends who is working hard.

  6. 集體名詞單復數使用差異

  如果集體名詞指的是整個集體,它的謂語動詞用單數;如果它指集體的成員,其謂語動詞就用復數形式。這些詞有familyclasscrowdcommitteepopulationaudience等。

  如:Class Four is on the third floor. / Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor.

  注意:peoplepolicecattle等名詞一般都用作復數。如:The police are looking for the lost child.

  7. 數量詞構成短語的單復數用法

  由“a lot oflots ofplenty ofthe rest ofthe majority of + 名詞構成的短語以及由分數或百分數+名詞構成的短語作主語,其謂語動詞的數要根據短語中后面名詞的數而定。

  如:There are a lot of people in the classroom. / The rest of the lecture is wonderful. / 50% of the students in our class are girls.

  注意:a number of“許多,作定語修飾復數名詞,謂語用復數;the number of“……的數量,主語是number,謂語用單數。

  8. 倒裝句中的動詞單復數問題

  在倒裝句中,謂語動詞的數應與其后的主語一致。如:There comes the bus. / On the wall are many pictures. / Such is the result. / Such are the facts.

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